Single Subject Bills
Forty-one State constitutions include rules that limit the scope of laws to a single purpose, subject, or work. Adding this clause to the US constitution will avoid the current practice of turning every bill into an omnibus of incongruous provisions to advance multiple agendas at once. It will also curtail the "poison pill" tactic that either intentionally wrecks a bill or gives legislators a justification for opposing it.
Despite their obvious negative qualities, political parties are vital to an organized electorate and the meaningful dialogue about policy alternatives. The US Constitution needs to account for political parties in its mechanisms for assigning legislative representation—which it currently omits—but in a way that prevents a two-party system from dominating Congress. A proportional representation system would permit third-party representation to exist and contribute to policy-making.
Only five States—Alabama, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi and North Dakota—assign a four-year term to state representatives, while the majority of States assign a four-year term to state senators. The US Constitution should adjust term lengths to four years for both US senators and representatives. They should overlap entirely, aligning with the presidential term, meaning every incumbent is up for re-election every four years. A four-year term for representatives allows them to focus on long-term policy-making rather than short-term primary campaigning and fund-raising cycles. This change would eliminate the mid-term election, which is a poor tool as a public referendum on government, and has the unfortunate consequence of allowing a small portion of the electorate upset the dynamic of Congress through purely political whims. Policy does not operate on two-year time frames; government should not either.